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Birman Cats belong to Category II, cats with medium-length coat. It is a medium size cat with a long silk coat, which will never be that long or thick as Persian Cat’s coat. The weight of an adult cat is between 2.5 and 4.5 kilograms (5.5-10 pounds), a male cat is more robust and could reach to 5 kilograms (11 pounds). Birman Cats mature at age of approximately 18 months, but reaching full maturity at 4 years of age.

The Birman Cat breed is recognized by these organizations: FIFé, GCCF, CFA ,WCF a TICA.


Skull: strong, broad and rounded. There is a slight flat spot just in front of the ears. Nose medium in length (no ‘stop’ but with slight dip in profile). Cheeks full and round. Chin full and well developed, slightly tapered but not receding.

Overall the head must look harmonically. The head must not look like a head of a Persian‘s or Siamese cat.

Nose: medium in length and width, in proportion to size of head. Roman shape in profile. Nostrils set low on the nose leather.

Chin: strong, slightly curved and well-developed

Eyes: slightly oval shaped, they must not be too rounded neither too wide. Positioned in a straight line, the outer corner should be tilted very slightly upward, and should not be to close to the nose. It’s stated that the ideal distance between eyes should be at least the width of one eye, when it‘s sligtly bigger, it looks more favourably. Birmans´s look should be kind.

The colour of the eyes has to be a deep blue. As the ideal color is stated the colour of a saphire. It is considered in connection with the Birmans colouring. The darker the coat is, the darker should the eyes be. So the darkest eyes would match a cat with seal coat color and a lighter eye color is tolerated for creamy colored coat.

The kittens have usually lighter eye color than the adult cats.

Crossed eyes are considered a very serious, eliminating defect.

Ears: medium in length. Almost as wide, at the base, as tall. Modified to a rounded point at the tip; set as much to the side as into the top of the head.

Body: long and massive. Females may be proportionately smaller than males.

Legs: medium in length and heavy.

Paws: large, round, and firm. Five toes in front, four behind.

Gloves: front paws: front paws have white gloves ending in an even line across the paw at, or between, the second or third joints. (The third joint is where the paw bends when the cat is standing.) The upper limit of white should be the metacarpal (dew) pad. (The metacarpal pad is the highest up little paw pad, located in the middle of the back of the front paw, above the third joint and just below the wrist bones.) Symmetry of the front gloves is desirable. Back paws: white glove covers all the toes, and may extend up somewhat higher than front gloves. Symmetry of the rear gloves is desirable. Laces: the gloves on the back paws must extend up the back of the hock, and are called laces in this area. Ideally, the laces end in a point or inverted "V" and extend 1/2 to 3/4 of the way up the hock. Lower or higher laces are acceptable, but should not go beyond the hock. Symmetry of the two laces is desirable. Paw pads: pink preferred, but dark spot(s) on paw pad(s) acceptable because of the two colors in pattern. Note: ideally, the front gloves match, the back gloves match, and the two laces match. Faultlessly gloved cats are a rare exception, and the Birman is to be judged in all its parts, as well as the gloves.

Tail: bushy, medium in length and proportion to the body.

Coat: medium long to long, silken in texture, with heavy ruff around the neck, slightly curly on stomach. This fur is of such a texture that it does not mat. As all medium-length coated cats Birmans have a short coat during summer and a long coat during winter.

Color except gloves: Body: even, with subtle shading when allowed. Strong contrast between body color and points. Points except gloves: mask, ears, legs, and tail dense and clearly defined, all of the same shade. Mask covers entire face including whisker pads and is connected to ears by tracings. No ticking or white hair in points. Golden Mist: desirable in all points colors is the "golden mist," a faint golden beige cast on the back and sides. This is somewhat deeper in the seal points, and may be absent in kittens.

Colour classes

According to the point colors it is recognized the twenty color classes. Each cat is categorized by the so-called EMS code, which unambiguously determines the race and the color class of a cat.

The EMS code for the Birman breed is SBI (from Sacred Birman) followed by a lower case letter, which represents a color class. If being followed by the "21", that signifies tabby coloring.

Recognised color classes as in chart which follows:

Solid point colors Tortie/Cream point Lynx (tabby) point Tortie/Cream tabby point
SBI n - seal
SBI a - blue
SBI b - chocolate
SBI c - lilac
SBI d - red
SBI e - creme
SBI f - seal tortie
SBI g - blue tortie
SBI h - chocolate tortie
SBI j - lilac tortie
SBI n21 - seal tabby
SBI a21 - blue tabby
SBI b21 - chocolate tabby
SBI c21 - lilac tabby
SBI d21 - red tabby
SBI e21 - creme tabby
SBI f21 - seal tortie tabby
SBI g21 - blue tortie tabby
SBI h21 - chocolate tortie tabby
SBI j21 - lilac tortie taby

It is possible to crossbreed colour classes. Some genetic calculators (http://www.agabi.net/coloride.htm) exists for determining the probability of the coloring for kittens according to color class of its parents.

Cattery Ametyst Blue.cz, Ing. Šárka Neničková
Cellphone +420 603 523 764, e-mail: info(at)birmacat.cz
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